VIETNAM BORDERS & COUNTRIES BORDERING VIETNAM


01 Jun 2021

What borders Vietnam? West, east, north and south Vietnam borders are surrounded by land and water as well. Having three countries sharing land borders with Vietnam are China, Laos and Cambodia.

Table Contents
  • I - Vietnam land border
  • 1 - Border line and border gates
  • 2 - Immigration procedures at the border of Vietnam
  • 3 - Vietnam - China border
  • 4 - Vietnam - Laos border
  • 5 - Vietnam - Cambodia border
  • II - Sea border of Vietnam
vietnam borders
Source: Internet

I - Vietnam land border

1 - Border line and border gates

Up to June 2020, Vietnam's land border line has a length of 4,639km. Vietnam is bordered by China in the north for 1,449,566km, bordering Laos (2,067km) and Cambodia (1,137 km) in the west.

There are two types of border gates: international and national border gates. The border gate on the land with an entry-exit for a third country citizen is called the international border gate, while the national border gate is only for citizens of the two countries on either side of the border gate. 

What countries border Vietnam? Vietnam shares the border line with 3 different countries including China on the North, Laos and Cambodia on the west. With each country, the border gate system comprises both international and national border gates. 

- International border gates between Vietnam and China are in the provinces of Lang Son (Huu Nghi), Quang Ninh (Mong Cai), Cao Bang (Ta Lung), Ha Giang (Thanh Thuy), Lao Cai (Lao Cai).

- Vietnam and Laos border gates include Dien Bien (Tay Trang), Son La (Chan Bong), Thanh Hoa (Na Meo, ...), Nghe An (Nam Can), Ha Tinh (Cau Treo), Quang. Binh (Cha Lo), Quang Tri (Lao Bao, ...), Kon Tum (Bo Y), etc.

- Vietnam and Cambodia border gates include Dak Lak (Ganh Da), Gia Lai (Le Thanh), Binh Phuoc (Hoa Lu), Tay Ninh (Xamat, ..), Dong Thap (Dinh Ba, ..), An Giang (Vinh Xuong, ...), Long An (Binh Hiep), Kien Giang (Ha Tien).

In addition to the main border gates, Vietnam also has 9 sub-border gates.

2 - Immigration procedures at the border of Vietnam

vietnam border

Source: Internet

Foreign tourists who want to enter Vietnam at the border gates need to go through the procedures by law. There are cases that will be exempt from visa when entering Vietnam with a temporary stay of not exceeding 15 days from the date of entry. Foreigners who are nationals of Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, Laos, Japan, Korea, Russia, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Finland will be exempt from visa upon entering Vietnam if all of the following conditions are met:

- Having a valid passport issued by a competent authority of the country where the passport holder is a citizen, and this passport must be valid for at least 3 months from the date of entry.

- Having round-trip tickets or tickets to other countries

- Not belonging to the schools where entry is prohibited or has not been entered under the provisions of Vietnamese law.

When completing immigration procedures at the border gate, follow the instructions of the immigration officer in the cabin for foreigners without having to pay any related fees.

Except for visa exemption, foreign tourists who want to enter Vietnam are required to have a visa (visa) or letter to enter Vietnam. If you have a visa, when you arrive at the border gate, you only need to enter the cabin for the foreigner without paying any fees. For the case of an entry letter, you need to have a passport and fill out the visa application form, then pay the visa application fee as prescribed, and it's best to use USD to pay.

3 - Vietnam - China border

The land border of Vietnam and China is 1,449,566 km long, of which about 384km go along the river and stream, and directly adjacent to 7 provinces of Vietnam, namely Dien Bien, Lai Chau, Lao Cai, Ha Giang, Cao Bang, Lang Son and Quang Ninh, along with the Yunnan province and the Guangxi Choang ethnic autonomous region of China.

 

china vietnam border

Source: VOV

Between Vietnam and China, there are more than 1300 border landmarks, of which landmark No.0 is the border landmark between the three countries Vietnam, Laos and China in Muong Nhe district, Dien Bien province. It is the westernmost point of Vietnam. Besides, landmark No.1378 is where the border ends in Tra Co ward, Mong Cai city, Quang Ninh province. Landmarks No.17, 79, 92 are also the special locations.

The topography in the border area between Vietnam and China is relatively complicated, which is largely diverse, and gradually lowers from west to east. This contributes to the flow from Northwest to Southeast of rivers and streams here.

4 - Vietnam - Laos border

Laos is the first country that borders Vietnam on the west. Laos and Vietnam border lasts about 2,067 km, passing through 10 border provinces of Vietnam: Dien Bien, Son La, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Quang Nam and Kon Tum, and 10 provinces of Laos: Phongsaly, Luongprabang, Houaphanh, Xiengkhuang, Borikhamxay, Khammuane, Savanakhet, Saravane, Sekong, and Attapeu.

 

borders of vietnam

Source: Wiki

Between Vietnam and Laos, there are 792 border landmarks, notably the Indochina landmark, a landmark between Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, this landmark is located near the Bo Y border gate, dubbed as "A chicken crows, it can be heard in three countries." place.

The border area of ​​the two countries is purely mountainous. In the north it is made up of mountain peaks with an average height of 1,650m, with many rivers and streams flowing through the intersecting valleys creating a divided landscape. The next geographic area in the south creates a difficult-to-access area of ​​the Truong Son range, lower and lower to the end of the border.

5 - Vietnam - Cambodia border

The border of Vietnam and Cambodia is about 1,137 kilometers, passing through 10 provinces of Vietnam: Kon Tum, Gia Lai, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Binh Phuoc, Tay Ninh, Long An, Dong Thap, An Giang, Kien Giang, It is accompanied by 9 provinces of Cambodia: Ratanakiri, Mondulkiri, Croche, Tbong Khmum, Prey Veng, Svay Rieng, Kandal, Takeo and Kampot.

 

border of vietnam

Source: Internet

Between the two countries there are 314 border landmarks. The first landmark is called Indochina landmark, the last one is landmark no. 314 located in My Duc commune, Ha Tien city, Kien Giang province.

Topography of the border area of ​​the two countries has two different forms, gradually lower from Kon Tum to Binh Phuoc. In the Central Highlands and Binh Phuoc provinces, forests and mountains are complicated, with many trails crossing the border. The provinces of Tay Ninh to Kien Giang have plain terrain, with many canals and rivers.

II - Sea border of Vietnam

Vietnam has a coastline of about 3,260 km, so the exchange of goods through the sea is very developed. Vietnam has 17 ports which are international sea border gates. Those are:

 

vietnam border countries

Source: VnExpress

-          Cai Lan / Hon Gai port located in Quang Ninh province

Website: http://cailanportinvest.com.vn/

Telephone: 02033512868

-          Hai Phong port in Hai Phong city

Website: https://haiphongport.com.vn/

Telephone: 02253859945/02253652192

Email: haiphongport@haiphongport.com.vn

-          Nghi Son deep sea port, in Tinh Gia district, Thanh Hoa province

Telephone: 02373900333

-          Cua Lo port in Nghe An province

Website: http://cangcualo.com/

Telephone: 0383949838/0912884335

-          Vung Ang port in Ha Tinh province

Website: http://cangvuhanghaihatinh.gov.vn/

Telephone: 0393868823/0913443199/03933868828

Email: phongtchc.ht@gmail.com

-          Chan May port located in Thua Thien Hue province

Website: http://www.chanmayport.com.vn/

Telephone: 02343876096/02343891841

Email: info@chanmayport.com.vn

-          Tien Sa port in Da Nang city

Telephone: 02363821114

-          Ky Ha port is located in Quang Nam province

Website: http://cangvuhanghaiquangnam.gov.vn/

Telephone: 02353551333/0913476767

Email: cvhhqna@gmail.com

-          Dung Quat port in Quang Ngai province

Website: http://dungquatport.com.vn/

Telephone: 02553610440

Email: dungquatport@ptsc.com.vn

-          Quy Nhon port located in Binh Dinh province

Website: http://quynhonport.vn/

Telephone: 02563892363

Email: info@quynhonport.vn

-          Ba Ngoi port located in Khanh Hoa province

Website: http://www.camranhport.vn/

Telephone: 0583854307/0583854565

Email: mail@camranhport.vn

-          Nha Trang port located in Khanh Hoa province

Website: http://nhatrangport.com.vn/

Telephone: 0583590021

Email: cangnhatrang@nhatrangport.com.vn

-          Vung Tau port in Ba Ria Vung Tau province

Website: http://cangvuhanghaivungtau.gov.vn/

Telephone: 02543856270/0643512237

Email: cangvu.vtu@vinamarine.gov.vn

-          Phu My port in Ba Ria Vung Tau province

Website: http://www.ptscphumy.com.vn/

Telephone: 02543921658/02543923624

Email: info@ptscphumy.com.vn

-          Saigon Port located in Ho Chi Minh City

Website: https://saigonnewport.com.vn/pages/

Telephone: 18001188

Email: marketing@saigonnewport.com.vn

-          Can Tho port located in Can Tho city

Website: https://www.canthoport.com.vn/

Telephone: 02926516483

Email: canthoport.info@gmail.com

-          An Thoi-Phu Quoc port in Kien Giang province

Website: http://www.cangquocteanthoi.com/

Telephone: 0297657668/02976553553

Border gates along the borders of Vietnam with other countries play a crucial role in trade exchange, economic cooperation, security and defense assurance. 

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I'm Giang - a Vietnamese with a passion for photography and travel. Two years ago I left my job to start traveling to explore Vietnam. It's great that I can share my travel experiences with you. I hope it will help you have a memorable trip to Vietnam.

Giang Phạm — Giang Phạm

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