List of the most important public holidays in Vietnam are: Lunar New Year, Vietnamese National Day, Vietnamese Reunification Day and International Labor Day.
I - Tet holiday - or Vietnamese Lunar New Year - 1/1 in Lunar calendar
Tet or Vietnamese Lunar New Year, existing and passed down for thousands of years, is the biggest and the most important holiday in Vietnam. Tet marks the beginning of a new year (according to the calendar used by Vietnamese and some other Asian countries). When describing this Vietnamese public holiday, Vietnamese people often use the word "reunion", because this is the occasion when each family member gathers together and welcomes the new year. Everyone, no matter where they work, tries their best to return home on this occasion.
Not only is it an opportunity for family members to gather, the Lunar New Year is also a time for Vietnamese people to show respect and gratitude to their ancestors, according to the tradition of "When you eat a fruit, think of the man who planted the tree". Vietnamese people often visit and tidy the ancestors' graves on the afternoon of December 23 in the lunar calendar.
Tet is the most important national holidays in Vietnam (Source: Vietnam-guide)
About 3 or 4 days before the Lunar New Year is the busiest and the most exciting time with a wide range of activities such as house cleaning, house decoration, food preparation, Chung cake wrapping. On New Year's Eve, firework shows are held in big cities such as Hanoi, Da Nang, and Ho Chi Minh City. In the first 3 days of the year, Vietnamese people often give each other wishes such as “Chúc mừng năm mới” (happy new year), “An khang thịnh vượng” (Safety good, health prosperity), “Vạn sự như ý” (Everything goes well), “Cung hỷ phát tài” (Congratulations and be prosperous),... with the desire to bring a favorable new year.
If you come to Vietnam on this Vietnamese public holiday, you can immerse yourself in the cheerful atmosphere the days before the Lunar New Year, feel the sacred atmosphere on New Year's Eve,... Around the time after the Lunar New Year, there are many big festivals held in Vietnam, giving you an opportunity to better understand Vietnamese culture.
Note: During the Lunar New Year period, some restaurants, accommodations, and transport services may take a break.
The Lunar New Year in 2022 starts from January 1, 2021 to January 5, 2022 (January 1 - January 5, 2022 in lunar calendar).
II - The New Year holiday in Solar calendar
Tet New Year - a major Vietnam public holiday (Source: Vietnambiz)
The New Year is the transition out of an old year into a new year according to the solar calendar. In Vietnam, the New Year dates back to the French colonial period (19th century), when the solar calendar was used instead of the traditional lunar calendar. Over the years, the New Year has become a big holiday in Vietnam.
At the turn between the old and the new year, the firework shows are held in some big cities such as Hanoi, Da Nang, Ho Chi Minh City,... At the same time, the countdown activities with an extremely vibrant and youthful atmosphere also take place.
III - Vietnamese National Day - 02/09 - a meaningful Vietnamese public holiday
On September 2, 1945 - one of the most important & meaningful days in Vietnamese’s history, President Ho Chi Minh read the declaration of independence at Ba Dinh Square, officially giving birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. In 1946, September 2 was called the "Independence Day" according to the Decree 22C NV / CC and it was not until 1954 that September 2 was adopted as Vietnamese National Day.
Vietnamese National Day - important national holiday in Vietnam (Source: Internet)
In addition to meetings, parades, and art performances which recreate historic moments in 1945, there are also many interesting art exhibitions and performances waiting to be explored. Coming to Vietnam this day, do not forget to visit Ba Dinh Square and Ho Chi Minh mausoleum in Hanoi.
IV - Vietnamese Reunification Day - 30/04
April 30, 1975 marked a brilliant “milestone” in the history of Vietnamese national liberation: it was the successful end of the historic Ho Chi Minh campaign, the complete liberation of the South Vietnam region and Vietnam was completely unified. Since then, April 30 every year has been chosen as the day of Reunification in Vietnam.
On this Vietnamese public holiday, there are many interesting activities such as meetings, parades, flag hanging activities... In front of each house, there is a red flag with a yellow star, making the streets more brilliant.
V - International Labor Day - 01/05
On the International Labor Day, Vietnamese have a day off. and there are abundant meetings and exhibitions held in Vietnam .
International Labor Day in Vietnam takes place right after the Vietnamese Reunification Day (30/04), which means that Vietnamese people have 2 consecutive public holidays. Therefore, the tourist areas are often very crowded.
Above are all major public holidays in Vietnam that have an important meaning to all VIetnamese