AN OVERVIEW ABOUT ELECTRICITY OF VIETNAM


14 May 2021

Electricity of Vietnam is a monopoly product which is run and managed by EVN - Vietnam electricity company. For international travelers, the most popular plugs and outlets in use are 2-pin round outlet, 3-pin round outlets. However, the 2-flat blade sockets or 3-pin square sockets can still be seen somewhere.

Table Contents
  • I - Information for tourists about electricity of Vietnam
  • 1 - Vietnam electricity voltage & hertz
  • 2 - What are popular types of Vietnamese plugs & sockets?
  • II - Other information and facts about electricity of Vietnam
  • 1 - Vietnam electric company (EVN)
  • 2 - Production of electricity of Vietnam
  • 3 - Vietnam electricity consumption
  • 4 - Cost of electricity in Vietnam
electricity of vietnam
Source: Matthew Henry

Until now, electricity of Vietnam has still been a monopoly industry managed & supplied by the EVN Group. Electricity is now available in 63 provinces and cities across Vietnam. However, a few remote villages and communes continue to be without electric power. The Vietnamese government is currently in the process of implementing a plan to supply electricity to every household in the country. 

I - Information for tourists about electricity of Vietnam

EVN, with over 25 years of development, has brought the national grid to all mountainous areas and islands, etc. To tourists, no matter where you go, you won't have to worry about lack of electricity. 

1 - Vietnam electricity voltage & hertz

At present, the national grid of Vietnam uses 220 voltage (v) with a frequency of 50 Hertz (Hz). 

In some remote or countryside regions, in peak hours from 10am-12pm and from 6pm-8pm, the poor quality of electricity supply can affect some electronics’s usage. 

2 - What are popular types of Vietnamese plugs & sockets?

Most plug-in devices in Vietnam use a 2 or 3-pin round, with a 2-round pin plug being the most popular and commonly seen. However, at some hotels, you can see the 3-pin square or 2-flat blade sockets still in use

 

vietnam electricity plugs

The popular power plugs in Vietnam - Source: Internet

- Plug type A: 2 flat vertical pins - fit in plug type A & C socket.

- Plug type C: 2 round pins - only fit in plug type C socket

- Plug type B: 2 flat vertical pín and 1 round pin - only fit in plug type B socket

- Plug type D: 3 rectangular pins - only fit in plug type D socket

- Plug type G: 3 flat vertical pins - only fit in plug type G socket

II - Other information and facts about electricity of Vietnam

1 - Vietnam electric company (EVN)

EVN is a Vietnamese state-owned special-purpose enterprise. The EVN Corporation, established on October 10, 1994; under Decision No.562/QD-TTG; then on June 22, 2006; it was renamed as Vietnam Electricity according to Decision No.148/2006/QD-TTG. 

Up to now, the company has the following subsidiaries:

- 24 units under EVN

- 9 Subsidiaries held by EVN with 100% charter capital

- 6 Subsidiaries held by EVN over 50% of charter capital or other dominant rights

- 1 EVN Company holds less than 50% of charter capital

 

vietnam electricity production

Source: Internet

2 - Production of electricity of Vietnam

Annual electricity output has increased more than 20 times, from 8.6 TWh in 1990 to 240.1 TWh in 2019. During this period, the annual growth rate is around 12-15%, almost double the GDP growth rate. Hydropower, natural gas, and coal are the main sources of energy for Vietnam electricity production. Coal accounted for the highest proportion of energy sources with 41.6%, followed by hydropower with 37.7% and gas with 18.8%. In addition to large hydro, including small hydro, renewable energy accounts for a very small portion of total energy (0.5%). 

However, since the beginning of 2019, the market share of renewables in the energy system has grown significantly, owing primarily to solar energy; however, wind energy is also being invested in and developed. 

3 - Vietnam electricity consumption

The total amount of electricity produced and purchased in 2019 is estimated to be 226.4 billion kWh, with commercial electricity output in 2019 estimated at 211.4 billion kWh, a 9.9% increase over 2018.

In 2019, China’s electricity imports were estimated to be 2.1 billion kWh, while imports from Laos were estimated to be 1.1 billion kWh. Imported electricity output is expected to remain at the same amount in 2020 as it was in 2019. 

4 - Cost of electricity in Vietnam

No Group of customers Electricity price
(VND / kWh)
1 Electricity selling price for daily use
  Level 1: For kWh of 0 - 50 1.678
  Level 2: For kWh of  51 - 100 1.734
  Level 3: For kWh of  101 - 200 2.014
  Level 4: For kWh of 201 - 300 2.536
  Level 5: For kWh of  301 - 400 2.834
  Level 6: For kWh of  401 or higher 2.927
2 Retail price of electricity for daily life using prepaid electricity card meter 2.461

Note: Electricity selling prices are inclusive of Value Added Tax, Excise Tax (if any).

The general information about electricity of Vietnam provided above is intended to assist you in grasping the fundamentals and preparing the necessary electrical connection equipment such as adapters, converters, which would assure a fun and safe trip while experiencing Vietnam.

U want to share?
Hi, my name is Quan, and you can call me “Kun”. Having a big passion for travel, I spent 6 months traveling to most of the regions & provinces in Vietnam. I find Vietnam's landscapes are so beautiful, Vietnamese people are so friendly.

Quan Nguyen — Quan Nguyen

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