I - Dry season in Vietnam
Bach Ma Range (Source: VnExpress)
The monsoon humid tropical climate in Vietnam is characterized by a lot of rain all year round, the average annual rainfall is from 1500-2000mm, the air humidity is over 80%. Moreover, this type of climate also brings high sunshine hours from 1400-3000 hours a year and the annual average temperature of the air is all over 21°C. However, this climate is not the same the whole year round, it has a strong spatial and temporal differentiation creating the rainy and dry seasons in Vietnam.
One of the main reasons for the difference between the dry season and the rainy season is the difference in rainfall. In the rainy season from May to October, the total average rainfall in the South Central Coast and the South is very high, about 1600-2000mm. In contrast, in the dry season from November to April next year. The average rainfall is very low, only 200 - 400 mm. It is also because of this huge rainfall difference that the South Central – Southern Coast (on the other side of the Bach Ma Range) and the South of Vietnam are the two areas that are deeply affected by the dry season in Vietnam.
1 - The dry season in the south central region
The south central region is a narrow horizontal strip of land stretching from Da Nang to Binh Thuan. This is an area bordering the North Central Region, the Central Highlands, the Southeast Region and the East Sea. Vietnam dry season months in this area last from January to August, with a peak from mid-June onwards. With the influence of geographical location, topography and direction of the mountain ranges, the dry season of this area has its distinctive characteristics. The dry season in the south central region is deeply different from all other regions in terms of time.
Phu Yen - Vietnam (Source: Insidevietnam)
Other areas experience a relatively short dry season, in contrast this area experiences a prolonged dry season, many places are severely drought, the rainy season comes late and in a short time (October, November). This is the area with the highest degree of drought in the country. Due to the influence of the barrier of the Bach Ma range in the north, the Truong Son mountain range in the west and the steep mountains in the east running to the sea, the sun and wind are almost year round, typically in the area of Phu Yen, Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan. This area is place of Vietnam sand dunes, showing the degree of drought that the dry season brings.
In the dry season, the rainfall in the south central region is very low, on average, below 200 mm. Meanwhile, the temperature in the dry season will be slightly higher from 24 - 28˚C, the highest is in July every year. The dry season in the South Central region is characterized by hot weather, continuous wind blows and prolonged drought, causing many disadvantages for agricultural development and people's lives.
2 - Vietnam dry season in southern region
The south of Vietnam is the region that is deeply influenced by the dry season after the south central region due to its humid tropical climate. The dry season in the southern region appears later and lasts from November to April. After the dry season passes, the rainy season will come and will last for about 6 months from May to October, bringing the South 80% of the annual rainfall.
Mekong River Delta(Source: VnExpress)
Like the south central region, the dry season in the south also has its own characteristics. In the dry season, the average rainfall this area receives is about 200-400mm, but in the Mekong River Delta the average rainfall in the dry season is 400 to 800mm. In addition, the south in the dry season also has a very high average temperature above 25°C, making the weather extremely hot, and in many places there is a serious water shortage.
II - Tourism activities in the dry season in Vietnam
Although the dry season is somewhat hot, it creates favorable conditions for tourism activities compared to the rainy season. At this time, the weather is dry without rain, helping outdoor activities such as sightseeing, taking photos, participating in water games, etc. more exciting. Moreover, the dry season in the south coincides with autumn, winter, spring in the north and north central region (November to April), which is even more favorable for tourists when traveling to destinations in Southern Vietnam such as Saigon, Vung Tau, Mekong Delta.
Vung Tau (Source: Thai An)
If you are planning to visit the south central region, you should choose the most convenient time to travel from January to June. This area is famous for its tourism activities in the sea, so the sunny and windy weather in the dry season is very suitable for marine tourism and sightseeing. Top ttractive destinations are Da Nang, Hoi An, Nha Trang, Phu Yen, Mui Ne, Phan Rang ..
Thus, besides the hot, humid and rainy season, Vietnam also has a long dry season. Although the dry season in Vietnam is somewhat harsh, causing many difficulties, it is a suitable condition for visiting tourism.